Essentials in Writing

Essentials in Writing

Essentials in Writing is a complete language arts program for grades one through twelve with teaching presented on DVDs.

Instructor Matthew Stephens is energetic, interacting with an unseen classroom of students for each level. He continually works on a whiteboard while teaching. DVD lessons vary in length depending upon the complexity of the topics. Consequently, courses include from one to four DVDs.

An instructional manual/student workbook (which I will continue to refer to as the workbook) is required for each student. For each lesson, students first look at the workbook's assignment, then watch a segment on the DVD. Afterward, they read through and complete the workbook pages for that lesson. There is often a significant amount of instructional material in the workbook, especially at older levels, so no other textbook is needed. Sometimes students will watch a DVD lesson then work on assignments for one, two, or three days, but generally video and worktext assignments are completed the same day.

While most of the teaching is done for you via the DVDs, some parent interaction will be necessary, especially for younger children. Answer keys are at the end of the workbooks for the younger levels. Second edition courses for levels 4 through 6 now have separate teacher handbooks which are slim (22 pages or less) books that include the answer keys along with a syllabus and helpful information for the teacher on how to use the course.

Older students will probably need to discuss their ideas for their compositions and get feedback as they proceed. High school level courses do not require answer keys; instead they have rubrics and scoring guides that assist parents in evaluating compositions.... However, Essentials in Writing also offers Scoring Services for $97 a year for high school students. With this service students can submit one composition for each EIW assignment. They will receive it back with a rubric with a score plus detailed comments and suggestions.

The combination of DVD lessons and manuals is equivalent in amount of content to other comprehensive language arts courses, and instruction on composition skills is more advanced than in most other programs. For example, composition skills are developed beginning in first grade. Parts of speech (but not diagramming skills) are introduced gradually, beginning in first grade.

The sequence of topics is somewhat similar from level to level, beginning each level with instruction on sentence structure and grammar, shifting toward more composition work, and generally concluding with poetry in the elementary grades. Upper levels begin with sentence structure (e.g., clauses and proper construction), then progress through paragraphs, essays, and research papers. There is enough repetition that you might even be able to skip a year once or twice.

The "Letter to Parent," found in each manual, includes instructions for parents for administering the course. For the older levels, it suggests various options, including working on some of the essay lessons, switching to the research paper, then returning to work on more essays.

I mentioned that composition instruction is advanced. However, Stephens teaches in increments that are manageable for children to handle, walking students through the steps of the writing process on most assignments. He always models the type of writing students are to do. So while it might be more advanced, it is not more difficult. Stephens also uses graphic organizers at different points to make it easy for students to organize their ideas before beginning to write. Check list forms are included for students to verify that they have met the requirements of an assignment.

Assessment/Resource Booklets (about 100 pages each) are available for the second edition courses for levels 4, 5, and 6. These each include 25 assessments and two unit tests, an answer key, plus additional resources such as resource word lists, graphic organizers, and checklists.

While there is repetition from year to year, much more time is spent developing writing skills rather than reviewing grammar. This means these courses are likely to appeal to students who might be bored with other courses that spend a great deal of time on grammar review each year. Read details for each level below.

The publisher's website lists the table of contents for each course and includes the number of class periods the course should require, the number of video lessons, the number of manual pages, and a list of each lesson's title.

Pages in the spiral-bound worktexts feature a large font size, plenty of space to write (even for some composition activities), and some clip art illustrations.

Watch for High School Creative Writing and High School Technical Writing courses which are also in the works.


Essentials in Writing courses free up parents’ time by providing the instruction along with worksheets and writing assignments. Courses require little to no preparation time and are very easy to use. The price is very reasonable for courses that include both DVD instruction and the worktext. Even better, Stephens offers free support via phone or email.

Level 1

First grade begins with review of proper letter formation then moves into beginning sentence formation, punctuation, capitalization, and other introductory grammar. It introduces nouns and their use as subjects as well as action verbs. Students learn to write paragraphs, letters, and poems.

Level 2

The course for second grade teaches sentences, subjects, predicates, nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, plurals, capitalization, and punctuation. For composition, it introduces the writing process, teaching students how to write narratives, paragraphs, notes, journaling, invitations, and poetry.

Level 3

The Level 3 course covers sentences, complete subjects and complete predicates, plurals pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, predicate adjectives, possessives, capitalization and punctuation, and alphabetical order. Working through the writing process, children learn to write friendly letters, paragraphs, narratives, descriptive paragraphs, thank you notes, invitations, journal entries, informational reports, and poetry. It even introduces the creation of a bibliography with a fill-in-the-blanks approach in lesson 51.

Level 4

Fourth graders review subjects and predicates, adding compound subjects and predicates. They expand their learning about sentences to include more complex sentence forms as well as independent and dependent clauses. Nouns, pronouns, and verbs are reviewed. Composition work includes writing letters, narratives, descriptive paragraphs, persuasive paragraphs, informational reports with source documentation, poetry, and other forms of writing.

Level 5

Level 5 reviews sentences, subjects, predicates, clauses, nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs, with additional work with prepositions and prepositional phrases. It teaches about the use of figurative language as well as how to write dialogue, narratives, letters, descriptive paragraphs, persuasive paragraphs, comparison/contrast writing, summaries, informational reports, and poetry.

Level 6

Level 6 covers most of the same topics again, adding appositives, writing with a point of view, expository essays, persuasive letters, and a research project, spending significantly more time on expository essays and the research project in comparison to other topics.

Level 7

Level 7 is similar in content to the sixth grade course with the addition of an intensive grammar review at the conclusion of the course. However, these grammar lessons are optional and there are no worksheets for the grammar review. Stephens suggests showing these lessons to students at the beginning of the school year, then coming back and reviewing the lessons if or when needed. I applaud Stephens’ choice to make these lessons optional since most students have had sufficient grammar at this point and should spend more time on composition work. Writing assignments at this level are challenging enough that this course could also be used by older students who haven’t yet mastered the skills taught in these lessons. Grading rubrics are added beginning with this seventh grade course so that parents can actually score the compositions if they so desire.

Level 8

Lessons work through sentence structure, paragraphs, and essays, also introducing research papers this year. Students really work through the writing process as they draft, edit, and rewrite their papers. As with seventh grade, optional, intensive grammar lessons (without worksheets) follow the final lesson of the rest of the course.

Levels 9-12

High school level courses are all very similar to one another, gradually increasing in the level of difficulty. They each review sentence structure and paragraphs so that students without adequate prior instruction should still be able to work at their grade level. Work on essays and research papers gradually increases in difficulty, and students tackle many different types of essays. Eleventh grade adds writing responses to literature. Research papers are to include MLA (Modern Language Association) references, including a list of "works cited." Stephens teaches students how to write their own citations, but he also recommends internet sites that are helpful for creating correct citations; users enter the required information on forms, and the site formats it into the correct citation. (Note: It is not cheating to use these websites since the mechanics of creating citations are complex, varying by the type of reference work. Professional authors and academics often use them.) High school students should probably have an MLA Handbook for reference. While Stephens explains how to look up MLA guidelines on the internet, having the MLA Handbook is probably more efficient.

Pricing Information

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set of DVDs and worktext - $87 per course 

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Instant Key

  • Need For Parent/Teacher Instruction: varies
  • Grade Level: grades 1-12
  • Suitable For: independent study
  • Religious Perspective: secular but Christian friendly
  • Educational Approaches: eclectic, traditional
  • Educational Methods: activities, interactive
  • Technology: DVD

Publisher's Info

Note: Publishers, authors, and service providers never pay to be reviewed. They do provide free review copies or online access to programs for review purposes.

Disclosure of Material Connection: Some of the links in the post above are "affiliate links." This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, I only recommend products or services that I believe will add value to my readers. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission's 16 CFR, Part 255 "Guidelines Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising."