When I first looked at *Teaching Textbooks*, I knew right away that this series was going to be popular among homeschoolers. These fantastic courses were designed specifically for homeschoolers to solve some of the issues that make math challenging for them.

In the latest 3.0 version, online delivery of course material makes it easy to access lessons from computers, tablets, or phones—Mac, Windows, or Chromebook. The 2.0 versions remain available and are presented on DVDs for Pre-Calculus and on CDs for the rest of the courses. The optional physical textbooks for version 2.0 also remain available. The content is almost identical in both versions of each course. Consequently, printed textbooks for 2.0 can be used with 3.0 as well. However, 3.0 comes with an ebook textbook that you can print yourself.

With 2.0, CDs or DVDs include lectures, problems, quizzes, and complete solutions. With 3.0, all of this content is available online.

The price is significantly lower for version 3.0. With 3.0, you purchase a yearly (12-month) subscription for one child and one course. Large-family discounts (for families with four to eight students) are also available.

Those purchasing 2.0 are given permission to install the CDs or DVDs on as many computers as they like, which means that two or more students might be working in the same course at the same time. Even better, each time a student completes a course, you can simply reinstall for a new student. That means that all of your children can use the course over subsequent years. (Note: After two installations, you will have to contact the publisher for new activation codes at no cost.)

Both lessonss (either online or CDs/DVDs) and textbooks are written directly to the student and do not assume the presence of a teacher. Explanations are clear and complete, with plenty of practical examples. A light-hearted touch gives the courses a user-friendly feeling while avoiding silliness. This is evident in all of the courses in everything from the layout of the books and the program's interface design, through the occasional cartoon illustration and the wording of the lessons. The screen designs are colorful and nicely illustrated without being too busy.

The *Teaching Textbooks* series is a college prep curriculum even though it is not as rigorous as some other courses. However, textbooks for the elementary grades move at a slower pace than other series such as *Horizons Math* and *Saxon Math*. Of course, you can always move ahead more quickly with a child who excels. You might even select a grade level higher than the student’s actual grade level. (That is why I label the series as appropriate for second through twelfth graders in the instant key.) Placement tests on the publisher’s website will help you select the correct level. *Teaching Textbooks *should be a particularly good choice for the student who might have struggled with other math programs and needs a less pressured pace and style of delivery.

You can access a free demo at the publisher’s website: www.teachingtextbooks.com.

### How It Works

Even though the instructional material is presented online or via CDs or DVDs, lessons are grouped into chapters that each concentrate on a single topic. In all of these courses, students should aim to complete approximately one lesson per day. Adding in test days still should leave you at least 20 days in the school year for extra work on troublesome concepts, review, or “mathless” school days.

The instructional portion of the lesson is an audio narration accompanied by step-by-step, written explanations showing how to work each problem. These interactive lectures require students to answers questions from time to time, both to keep them engaged and to test their understanding. (The computer stores their responses.) Then students might read the summary in the textbook although this isn't required.

Next, students work the practice problems. While it is possible to work only with the online lesson material or discs, most students prefer having the companion textbook. As students encounter more difficult problems on the video presentations, such as with long division, they will then need to copy problems and work them on paper. Having access to the printed text saves the copying step for more-complicated problems, and it also provides an easy way for either student or parent to review their work. However, even when students use the textbooks, they still need to enter their answers on the computer or device since the course program tracks and grades student work online.

For incorrect answers on practice problems, students should watch the solutions. Then they are ready to tackle the more comprehensive problem set that includes continual review of previously-learned concepts. Problem sets, as with practice problems, are shown on the screen and students enter answers on the computer. Students can still view solutions if they make errors, and voice hints are available for the hardest problems. While students can try again if they miss a problem, the program will report this.

Each chapter concludes with a quiz. Parents should review progress before students go on to the next lesson. Note that courses also have answer keys for practice problems, lesson problems, and quizzes.

An automatic gradebook feature generates reports for practice problems (which are optional), assigned problems, and quizzes. The final score (expressed as a percentage) does not include the practice problems. The gradebook can be edited, so the parent or teacher can delete the record for a problem or an entire lesson if students need to redo them. In 3.0, some features have been added such as permanent grade storage and the ability to turn off hints and second chances. Parents can also manage student accounts from any device.

### Textbook Details

The textbooks range from 612 to 872 pages in length. Printed books are soft-cover with plastic-spiral bindings. The paper is a bit thin for textbooks, but the books are already more than an inch thick. (*Pre-Calculus* is two inches thick!) Durability might be a concern, and perhaps this is enough reason to go with version 3.0 and print out pages yourself. Clearly, there are a lot of pages for each course, but there are two reasons: each page is less crowded than pages in many other courses, and expanded explanations that make the material more understandable take up extra space, particularly in high school level books.

Indices are included at the end of both the textbooks and the 3.0 ebooks. Clicking on a topic in a 3.0 index will take you to the spot in the ebook where that topic is discussed, so even if you print out a 3.0 textbook, you might want to keep the ebook handy for the clickable index links.

In version 3.0, every exercise problem in each course has a reference number telling the student in which lesson the relevant concept was first introduced. You will find these reference numbers in printed textbooks (2.0) for only *Pre-Algebra* and above, although they are gradually being added to other printed textbooks.

### Math 3

*Math 3* covers addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions, money, time, geometry, and measurement, plus a final lesson that introduces percentages. Much of the addition and subtraction instruction reviews concepts that should have been learned at earlier levels since it begins with simple addition and very gradually builds toward carrying in lesson 47 and borrowing (regrouping) in lesson 87. Instruction on other topics also reteaches the basics before moving on to more advanced concepts. Multiplication covers up through single-digit multipliers, and division teaches through single-digit divisors. Fractions are taught through adding and subtracting fractions with common denominators. Numerous word problems help students with mathematical thinking and practical application. This level also includes plenty of pictorial representations in the textbook (e.g., number lines, fraction circles, multiplication arrays, clocks, coins, different types of graphs).

*Math 3* and *Math 4* have an extra bonus—a game that drills students on basic math facts. This pops up every five lessons. Parents can erase game scores if they wish to give students more practice time with the game.

### Math 4

*Math 4 *reviews concepts taught in *Math 3* then continues to build new concepts. Reflecting the slower pace of *Teaching Textbooks*, concepts that generally appear earlier in other courses don’t show up till near the end. Some examples would be multiplication by two-digit multipliers, long division, division with a remainder, and changing improper fractions to mixed numbers. Roman numerals are taught at this level. Note that *Math 4* includes a bonus math game for drill, just like *Math 3*.

### Math 5

*Math 5* again reviews the basics, with the first 29 lessons heavily focused on addition, subtraction, and multiplication. It introduces rounding and estimation. Both fractions and decimals are covered extensively at this level.

### Math 6

*Math 6* reviews the four basic arithmetic operations, place value, and time. It spends a great deal of time reviewing and teaching new concepts with fractions, decimals, and percents. It also covers geometry (points, lines, line segments, angles, both area and perimeter for polygons, circumference for circles, and an introduction of geometric solids), units of measure (including the metric system), and graphing concepts (e.g., thermometers, bar graphs, circle graphs). Additional Topics chapters give special attention to the order of operations, decimal remainders, equations, and probability. A student with weak math skills might be able to pick up what he or she is missing since this course is fairly comprehensive on arithmetic basics. It might be too repetitive for a student who already has developed strong skills in basic operations. I mentioned earlier that the Teaching Textbooks series moves more slowly than many other programs, and it becomes more noticeable at this level. (Students can always move ahead more quickly if they are able.)

### Math 7

Topics taught in *Math 6* are revisited with a brief review. Then each topic is tackled at a distinctly more challenging level. For example, fraction instruction moves on to ratios, percents include work with fractions and decimals plus real-life applications like commissions and sales tax, and geometry gets into computing the volume of solids. Statistics, probability, graphing, equations, and inequalities are also taught this year. Additional Topics chapters delve into powers, exponents, square roots, the Pythagorean theorem, and negative numbers.

### Pre-Algebra

*Pre-Algebra* briefly reviews whole-number operations, fractions, decimals, percents, and measurements. The rest of the book covers beginning algebra, negative numbers, exponents, and roots—topics typical of all pre-algebra courses. Because of homeschoolers' concerns about *Teaching Textbooks* lagging behind other courses, a number of years ago the publisher added 37 lessons that tackle plane and solid geometry, functions, relations, graphing, statistics, probability, and other more challenging concepts to *Pre-**Algebra 2.0*. Additional Topics covered at the end of the text include formulas (e.g., rate x time = distance), using the distributive property to solve equations, and absolute value. Extensive appendices with all important formulas, graphs, and other reference information are in the textbook. Backup chapter tests and supplemental exercises for each lesson are available upon request; however, these do not have step-by-step audio solutions to go with them.

### Algebra 1

*Algebra 1* seems to have more review of basic operations and pre-algebra concepts at the beginning than do some other first-year algebra courses, but it also has lessons covering functions, relations, statistics, probability, graphing with a calculator, the quadratic formula, absolute value, two-variable inequalities, and other more-challenging topics. Overall, topic coverage is similar to that of many other first-year algebra courses but with more thorough explanation. However, it is not as advanced as either the third or fourth editions of *Saxon **Algebra 1 *or* Shorrmann Interactive Math: Algebra 1. *This course has detailed appendices that contain important formulas and summaries of key concepts.

### Algebra 2

*Algebra 2 *covers the usual topics including second- and third-degree equations, systems of equations, roots, exponents, irrational numbers, logarithms, matrices, determinants, statistics, and probability. The course also includes practical applications in areas such as banking and physics plus word problems that help students understand how they might use algebra in the real world. This course has detailed appendices that contain important formulas and summaries of key concepts.

### Geometry

*Geometry* uses a traditional Euclidean approach, beginning with a chapter on logic and reasoning, then moving on to definitions, postulates, and theorems. Formal proofs are introduced very early at the beginning of chapter three. Constructions are not incorporated into the text; they’re in the Additional Topics at the end. Analytical geometry using the coordinate plane is also reserved for the end of the book. As with the algebra courses, practical applications and occasional word problems help students understand how they might make use of geometry. This course has detailed appendices that contain important formulas and summaries of key concepts.

### Pre-Calculus

The *Pre-**Calculus* course includes problems modeled after those on the SAT II Math test and the CLEP Pre-Calculus test which should help students prepare for either exam. This is a challenging course that begins with functions and moves on from there. It covers various types of functions such as polynomial functions, radical functions, and trigonometric functions. It also teaches triangle trigonometry, trigonometric identities, vectors and polar coordinates, systems, matrices, determinants, advanced analytic geometry, sequences, probability, statistics, and introduction to calculus. Additional topics are presented in chapters titled: Pascal’s Triangle, The Binomial Theorem, Synthetic Division, More Sines and Cosines, Complex Numbers, De Moivre’s Theorem, and Fitting a Graph to Data. This course has detailed appendices that contain important formulas and summaries of key concepts.