Ignatius Critical Editions are available for many great works of literature, including two collections of poetry. These literary works are included within the traditional list of Great Books of the Western World. These Ignatius Critical Editions include the unabridged text of each work with footnotes that explain historical, cultural, and biblical references as well as other footnotes that give the definitions of unfamiliar terms. As of June 2021, the following Ignatius Critical Editions are available, and there are study guides for most but not all of them.
- The Confessions
- The Consolation of Philosophy
- Great Expectations
- A Tale of Two Cities
- The Scarlet Letter
- Julius Caesar
- King Lear
- Romeo and Juliet
- The Merchant of Venice
- Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
- Gulliver’s Travels
- Moby Dick
- Pride and Prejudice
- Sense and Sensibility
- Mansfield Park
- Jane Eyre
- Wuthering Heights
- Uncle Tom’s Cabin
- The Red Badge of Courage
- The Picture of Dorian Gray
- Loss and Gain
- Romantic Poets: Blake, Wordsworth and Coleridge
- Romantic Poets, Volume 2: Byron, Shelley and Keats
In the introduction to each of the study guides for the Ignatius Critical Editions, it explains the rationale for new editions of these books. It first explains why the great books are foundational for understanding western civilization. Then it continues:
But read alone in our postmodernist context of radical skepticism, the great books can easily be misunderstood and used for all manner of mischief. It was precisely a desire to provide a deeper understanding of the importance and influence of the great books—to highlight what is true and great tin them and to expose and defang what is false—that inspired Ignatius Press to initiate its important Critical Editions series (p. 8).
As the study guides explain, the perspective of both the commentary and articles in the Ignatius Critical Editions as well as the content of the study guides is “tradition-oriented.” They add, “If you are unable to think outside the postmodern box, this guide is not for you” (p. 11). Consequently, commentary and articles often reflect a Christian worldview or at least a worldview that adheres to the idea that there are moral absolutes, great ideas to ponder, and much to be learned from those who have gone before us.
Each of the Ignatius Critical Editions has an introduction by an expert on that particular literary work plus a number of scholarly essays in regard to the work. Biblical allusions and quotations are often included since the Bible has played (and continues to play) a critical role in the formation of western civilization.
The introduction for each Ignatius Critical Edition generally presents the historical context for the literary work, some biographical information on the author, and the key themes of the work. Most of the Ignatius Critical Editions have about six scholarly articles that follow the unabridged text. These articles address are each written by a different author to address a topic pertinent to the particular literary work, so they differ greatly. For instance, an article included in the Ignatius Critical Edition of A Tale of Two Cities that is titled “‘Recalled to Life’: The Repetition of Resurrection in A Tale of Two Cities,” relates to resurrection and the idea of “coming back to life” in various ways. (This and the other articles for A Tale of Two Cities have a stronger Christian orientation than do the articles for some other works, reflecting the content of the book.) In contrast, the articles for Romeo and Juliet tend to have a more secular perspective as they discuss the characters and literary devices in the play, although they still include discussions about morality and virtue.
The introduction and articles are generally written at a college level. Students in ninth and tenth grades who have already been introduced to literary analysis and the exploration of the ideas found in great works of literature should be able to read and think at this level, but other students might need those first few years of high school to prepare for this level of study.
Students can read the Ignatius Critical Editions to advantage without the study guides, but the study guides offer much valuable content. They begin with a short introduction, titled Context. These introductions seem to be an abridged revision of the introductions within the Critical Editions themselves.
The next section in each guide, Bare Bones, summarizes the plot. These summaries run about ten pages, so they offer quite a bit of detail.
Words Made Flesh: Summary of Critical Appraisals and Study Questions is the title of the next section. It includes short summaries of what the editor considers essential critical points made in the introduction to the Ignatius Critical Edition and in each of the articles. There is an entry for each of these, followed by a series of three questions. These articles and questions are extremely helpful for teachers and homeschooling parents to use to guide student work.
I believe that all readers should read the introduction to each Critical Edition, but a parent or teacher might choose to assign only some of the articles rather than all of them. Students could then use the briefer articles and questions in the study guide to focus their attention on particular aspects of the literary work. The questions are generally complex, and they might be answered in discussions or by having the student write essays. Some questions could even be the basis of lengthier papers. Because of the nature of the questions, there are no answer keys for them.
The next section in each study guide, Things to Think About While Reading the Novel [or whatever the genre of the work], should probably be read through by students before they read the literary work. This section highlights things such as key themes, historical aspects, and literary techniques that students should pay attention to while reading.
Following this are Study Questions. The questions are presented in two sections: Knowledge of the Text and Essay Questions. The first group of questions are mostly What, Where, Who, and Why type questions that rely on students’ comprehension of the text. These generally require answers no longer than a sentence or two. The essay questions require deeper thinking and lengthier answers. Answer keys are included for both types of questions, and the answer key pages are perforated for easy removal.
The flexibility afforded by the study guides is an extremely helpful feature. Homeschoolers can use whichever portions of the study guides they feel are useful.
Ideally, students will ready one of the Ignatius Critical Editions and discuss the work, the introduction, one or more of the articles, and at least some of the questions with others. If there is no one available to read and discuss the literary work or the articles with a solitary student, he or she can still use the section of study questions for independent work.
I have reviewed many guides for studying titles from the list of great books. Many of those guides take a decidedly secular approach, often ignoring key themes or ideas that might lead into the spiritual realm. The Ignatius Critical Edition series fills a need for resources that help students learn how to read in order to access all of the ideas their authors intended and to learn how to ponder some of the deep questions about life raised by the great books.