Teaching the Classics: A Socratic Method for Literary Education

Teaching the Classics: A Socratic Method for Literary Education

See the complete review in 102 Top Picks for Homeschool Curriculum.

Teaching the Classics: A Socratic Method for Literary Education, Second Edition, teaches parents and teachers how to understand and analyze literature using Socratic questioning and discussion. This seminar consists of a book and a set of eight DVD’s.

I began my review by reading through the book. Halfway through the book, I began wondering why I would need the DVDs. The book was so well explained and provided concrete models to work with. I expected the DVDs to be redundant. To my surprise, they were not. On the DVDs, Adam Andrews presents a live seminar, covering the material in the book and much more. His goal in the seminar presentation is to ensure that parents and teachers leave feeling competent to apply the methodology themselves. I think he accomplishes this very well while also providing the sort of inspiration that makes you feel like you just can’t wait to try this out.

The DVDs run almost eight hours. I expect you might watch through the entire course, then come back and re-watch sections as you begin to work with the different teaching strategies with your students.

In the first DVD, Andrews lays the foundation for the entire course based upon three principles:

"All works of fiction possess common elements, including Context, Style, and Structure.
Because of their clarity, children’s stories provide the best opportunities for learning these elements.
The best classroom technique for presenting and analyzing literature is the Socratic method"  (Teaching the Classics, p.4).

This approach for tackling literature applies to fiction from adult level all the way down to children’s story books. Since children’s stories are generally easier to work with, Andrews recommends beginning (even with high school students) by analyzing stories written for children.

Three very useful appendices at the back of the book are referenced during the seminar. The first appendix contains “The Socratic List,” an extensive, 13-page list of questions to use for discussions, arranged under broad categories of key questions. Questions are arranged from easier to more challenging levels of difficulty in each category. The teacher should select just a few of these questions to use for each discussion. Appendix B is an annotated, recommended reading list catalogued under three levels for young children through high school. Appendix C lists and defines literary devices students will learn to identify such as metaphors, alliterations, and onomatopoeias. A fourth appendix lists additional resources available through the Center for Literary Education.

To help you get started, Andrews uses a number of literary works to demonstrate how to work through different aspects of analysis and discussion. Among this eclectic selection are "Paul Revere's Ride," The Tale of Peter Rabbit, Rikki-Tikki-Tavi, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Macbeth, To Kill a Mockingbird, and "Casey at the Bat."

You can teach all types of literature once you've gone through this seminar. You will not need to purchase any student books other than the literature itself....

Reading Roadmaps

reading roadmapsMany parents have requested more help in selecting literature and identifying themes. So Adam and Missy Andrews have also published Reading Roadmaps: A Literary Scope & Sequence for K-12. In this book, they layout a number of options that range from daily or weekly literature lessons to "seasonal" lessons that are taught about four times a year. They identify their top recommendations for literature to be used and chart out plot, conflict, theme, aids/devices (e.g. allusion, parody, epic) for each literary work, arranging them by grade level. They also offer an alternative literary selection for each of the recommended works. Additional helps at the back of the book address writing from literature, learning objectives for each grade level, grading, and the major historical periods for literature with lists of exemplary works and the authors. Reading Roadmaps simplifies the process of using Teaching the Classics by doing some of the work for you.

Ready Readers: Teacher Guides to Socratic Discussion and Worldview Detective

And if that's not enough, the Center for Literary Education also offers Ready Readers that do even more of the work for you. You can teach just about any literary works you want using the format taught in Teaching the Classics. Reading Roadmaps helps you select titles and know the key elements to address. However, some parents prefer more guidance, especially if they tackle literature with which they are not familiar. Ready Readers are teacher's guides for specific collections of books that provide solid guidance for teachers who want to teach literary skills with great literature. See my separate review of Ready Readers by clicking here.

You might also want to follow up with Worldview Detective which is based on Teaching the Classics methodology.


Socratic teaching requires more from the parent or teacher than most of the study guides for novels that are popular among homeschoolers. The teacher must read and be familiar with the literary works to be able to lead a discussion.

Once a parent or teacher becomes familiar with the techniques taught by Teaching the Classics, those techniques are likely to become “second nature”—teaching this way will become easier and easier. And you are likely to enjoy it so much that you won’t mind the extra time it might take.

Pricing Information

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Teaching the Classics Syllabus (Second Edition)

Teaching the Classics Syllabus (Second Edition)

Reading Road Maps: Literary Scope and Sequence for K-12

Reading Road Maps: Literary Scope and Sequence for K-12

Teaching the Classics DVD Seminar & Workbook (Seco

Teaching the Classics DVD Seminar & Workbook (Seco
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Instant Key

  • Suitable For: teacher resource
  • Audience: grades PreK-12
  • Need For parent/Teacher Instruction: high
  • Prep Time Needed: moderate to high
  • Teacher's Manual: essential
  • Educational Approach: classical, socratic, real books
  • Religious Perspective: secular but Christian friendly

Publisher's Info

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Disclosure of Material Connection: Some of the links in the post above are "affiliate links." This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, I only recommend products or services that believe will add value to my readers. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission's 16 CFR, Part 255 "Guidelines Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising."